Scars are a type of skin imperfections that are often a result from some kinds of diseases, accidents or surgeries. When the outer layers of the skin (epidermis or dermis) are damaged, the area will automatically heal by rebuilding the tissue. This tissue is mostly made up of collagen fibres that are newly synthesised, which is a protein that your body produces naturally. Unlike skin that is intact, the new collagen fibres tend to grow back in an unorganized manner and are more closely packed.
However, scar tissue permanently lacks hair follicles and sweat glands, and they are less resistant to ultraviolet radiation. Additionally, scar tissue can only retain about 30% moisture than other undamaged areas. Depending on the how deep the skin is damaged, as well as the complexity and duration of the rebuilding process – these factors affect how noticeable the scar will be.
Common causes of scars
Tissue damage can occur due to a number of reasons and they include:
• Tattoos: Some temporary tattoos that unlicensed tattoo parlours provide may contain chemicals that have adverse effects on human skin.
• Scalds and burns: Accidentally holding objects that are too hot or spilling boiling water.
• Self-harm: Involves regrettable actions that were probably emotionally-driven.
• Accidents: Sustaining cuts from falling off a skateboard.
• Injections: Certain vaccinations that are compulsory may cause scars.
• Surgical cuts: Cuts needed for a Caesarean section procedure can leave a scar.
• Body piercings: Don’t be surprised that some individuals pierce areas other than their nose and ear. Long-term effects will become visible when the piercings are removed or the person stops wearing them.
The formation of scars can also be a side effect of other conditions. For example, some people can be affected by acne or chickenpox, and some areas may not heal properly after scratching or picking.
Types of scars you should be aware of
First and foremost, you will need to know how to differentiate between a normal and abnormal scar. Normal scars can be identified as a fine line on the surface of the skin. Such scars typically develop over two days after the wound closes and will eventually fade within three months. However, other factors can interfere with the healing process and the scar will be altered in some way.
Abnormal scars on the other hand, can include keloid or hypertrophic scars which will be explained later. These scars can also cause some degree of distress due to its undesirable appearance, discomfort, as well as restricting movement of a joint and remaining dark without any signs of fading. With that said, other scars include:
• Pale and flat scars: These are the most common forms of scars that are a result of your body’s natural healing process. They may initially be red and slightly raised, but they will become flatter and paler over time.
• Keloid scars: This scar is an overgrowth of tissue that forms when too much collagen is produced at the area of the wound and the scar just keeps on growing. These scars are also noticeable with the following characteristics such appearing shiny and hairless, and in some circumstances they can feel painful.
• Hypertrophic scars: Just like keloid scars, these scars are also the result of the imbalanced production of collagen when a wound heals. However, they do not extend beyond the boundaries of the original wound and may continue to thicken for several months (up to six months). It appears raised and red initially but becomes paler and flatter with time, as well as being less flexible than before.
Treating and removing unwanted scars
Although scars do not pose any major health risks, the individual can still be affected either by physical and psychological distress. If you plan to remove your scar, you should aim to minimize its formation as sometimes it might be impossible to fully remove it. If you are able to consult with a professional, they can better assess your situation by anticipating your scar’s severity while considering your history of keloid or hypertrophic scarring.
One of the best treatments you can opt for these days is laser therapy. The laser technology that is used today can treat both stretch marks and scars on almost any area of one’s body. Additionally, you would be delighted to know that each treatment session does not take long and usually lasts between 30 to 60 minutes.
At Laser Essential & Skin Care, we provide services that pertain to scars removal in Toronto. Whether you are experiencing scars from events such as a surgery or accident, you can choose from a variety of treatments to remove the scars that bother you. Our possible treatments include OXYjet, Microdermabrasion, Omnilux Light Therapy, as well as Laser Therapy. If you would like to get in touch with one of our specialists, don’t hesitate to call our hotline today.